New York ist die größte Stadt des Bundesstaates und macht ihn damit zum drittbevölkerungsreichsten der USA. Neben der Atlantikküste hat New York eine. Der Bundesstaat New York, auch „The Empire State“ genannt, liegt an der nördlichen Ostküste der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Er erstreckt sich von der. New York ist einer der aufregendsten Bundesstaaten Amerikas. Nicht umsonst trägt der facettenreiche Staat der USA den Beinamen „Empire State“, was.
New York - Der „Empire State“ im NordostenDiese Liste der Citys im Bundesstaat New York führt die 62 Städte im Bundesstaat New York der Vereinigten Staaten alphabetisch auf, die den Status einer City. Der Staat New York ist seit Mitglied der USA und gehört zu den drei Mittelatlantikstaaten. Bevölkerung des Staatsgebietes: 19,4 mio (): Bevölkerung von. Alle Infos und Fakten über den US-Bundesstaat New York ✅ Für Reisende und USA Interessierte ❤️ Landkarte, Klima & Top.
Staat New York Meniu de navigare VideoFarmersalat Rezept ~ mit Süßkartoffeln \u0026 Karotten perfekt Frückstück oder als Beilage #yummy
OPRHP manages lands designated as state parks in New York,  with the aims of providing public space for outdoor recreation while conserving natural and cultural resources.
The agency's portfolio also includes 28 golf courses, 35 swimming pools, 67 beaches, and 18 museums and nature centers.
The following sortable tables list current and former New York state parks , respectively, all 'owned' or managed by the OPRHP, as of Some OPRHP-'owned' parks are managed primarily or in part by other agencies, through lease or partnership agreements.
New York state parks and historic sites where some type of hunting is permitted on a seasonal basis are listed below.
A state license appropriate for that type of hunting is required; some sites also require park permits to hunt. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Wikipedia list article. Main article: Forest Preserve New York. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Treman limited to bow hunting Verona Beach limited to bow hunting Watkins Glen limited to bow hunting Wellesley Island limited to bow hunting and muzzle loader Whetstone Gulf limited to bow hunting and muzzle loader.
January Retrieved April 13, New York State Assembly. January 22, Retrieved May 13, October 7, Retrieved April 1, The Nelson A.
Rockefeller Institute of Government. Retrieved February 3, Treman State Marine Park". Retrieved June 10, Archived from the original on December 24, Retrieved October 8, Retrieved September 18, Retrieved November 27, August 14, The New York Times.
Retrieved January 2, Scenic and Historic America, Volumes American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society. Archived from the original on October 10, Retrieved December 27, In Jackson, Kenneth T.
The Encyclopedia of New York City 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press. Retrieved June 25, Geographic Names Information System.
United States Geological Survey. Palisades: , Acres in Years. Fordham University Press. Grand Island: Images of America Series. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved January 1, Retrieved November 15, December 10, Retrieved May 28, July 17, Archived from the original PDF on May 29, Retrieved October 16, Natural Heritage Trust.
August 4, Archived from the original on September 21, Retrieved November 1, Retrieved June 11, Retrieved June 28, Rockland Audubon Society.
Archived from the original on April 21, Retrieved July 13, New York's Palisades Interstate Park. Charleston, S.
Retrieved July 14, Retrieved May 26, Globe Pequot. Retrieved September 9, Town of Greece NY. Retrieved June 3, September 25, The Palisades Parks Conservancy.
Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved October 29, Retrieved June 30, Retrieved June 1, Office of the New York State Governor.
May 12, Retrieved April 12, WBFO The Buffalo News. Lawrence River Park". Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co. January 20, Retrieved July 2, In Kammen, Carol ed.
Place Names of Tompkins County. Retrieved July 7, Retrieved January 20, September 18, Archived from the original on December 11, Retrieved January 22, Lawrence River".
Retrieved August 25, Long Island Exchange. Retrieved July 19, Long Island Press. Most of the southern part of the state rests on the Allegheny Plateau , which extends from the southeastern United States to the Catskill Mountains ; the section in New York State is known as the Southern Tier.
The rugged Adirondack Mountains , with vast tracts of wilderness, lie west of the Lake Champlain Valley. The Tug Hill region arises as a cuesta east of Lake Ontario.
Upstate and downstate are often used informally to distinguish New York City or its greater metropolitan area from the rest of New York State.
The placement of a boundary between the two is a matter of great contention. New York contains a part of the Marcellus shale , which extends into Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Of New York State's total area, New York is the only state that includes within its borders parts of the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Hudson River begins near Lake Tear of the Clouds and flows south through the eastern part of the state, without draining Lakes George or Champlain.
Lake George empties at its north end into Lake Champlain, whose northern end extends into Canada, where it drains into the Richelieu River and then ultimately the Saint Lawrence River.
The western section of the state is drained by the Allegheny River and rivers of the Susquehanna and Delaware River systems.
In general, New York has a humid continental climate , though under the Köppen climate classification , New York City has a humid subtropical climate.
Downstate New York, comprising New York City, Long Island, and lower portions of the Hudson Valley, has rather hot summers with some periods of high humidity and cold, damp winters which are relatively mild compared to temperatures in Upstate New York due to the downstate region's lower elevation, proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, and relatively lower latitude.
Upstate New York experiences warm summers, marred by only occasional, brief intervals of sultry conditions, with long and cold winters.
Western New York, particularly the Tug Hill region, receives heavy lake-effect snows , especially during the earlier portions of winter, before the surface of Lake Ontario itself is covered by ice.
The summer climate is cool in the Adirondacks, Catskills, and at higher elevations of the Southern Tier. Buffalo and its metropolitan area are described as climate change havens for their weather pattern in Western New York.
New York State ranks 46th among the 50 states in the amount of greenhouse gases generated per person. This relative efficient energy usage is primarily due to the dense, compact settlement in the New York City metropolitan area, and the high rate of mass transit use in this area and between major cities.
Some species that can be found in this state are american ginseng , starry stonewort , waterthyme , water chestnut, eastern poison ivy , poison sumac , giant hogweed , cow parsnip and common nettle.
Species of mammals that are part of New York are white-footed mouse , North American least shrew , little brown bat , muskrat , eastern gray squirrel , eastern cottontail , stoat , groundhog , striped skunk , fisher , North American river otter , raccoon , bobcat , coyote , red fox , white-tailed deer , moose , and American black bear.
Birds of prey that are present in the state are great horned owls , bald eagles , red-tailed hawks , American kestrels , and northern harriers.
Waterfowl like mallards , wood ducks , canvasbacks , American black ducks , Canada geese , and blue-winged teals can be found in the region.
Maritime or shore birds of New York are great blue heron , killdeers , northern cardinals , American herring gulls , and common terns.
Species of turtles that can be found in the sea are green sea turtle , loggerhead sea turtle , leatherback sea turtle and Kemp's ridley sea turtle.
Due to its long history, New York has several overlapping and often conflicting definitions of regions within the state.
The regions are also not fully definable due to colloquial use of regional labels. It divides the state into ten economic regions,  which approximately correspond to terminology used by residents:.
The department also groups the counties into eleven regions for tourism purposes: . New York has many state parks and two major forest preserves.
Niagara Falls State Park , established in , is the oldest state park in the United States  and the first to be created via eminent domain.
The park is larger than Yellowstone , Everglades , Glacier , and Grand Canyon national parks combined. There are some black bears living in the region.
Hither Hills State Park , also on the South Fork of Long Island, offers camping and is a popular destination with surfcasting sport fishermen.
The State of New York is well represented in the National Park System with 22 national parks , which received 16,, visitors in New York is divided into 62 counties.
Aside from the five counties of New York City, each of these counties is subdivided into towns and cities , incorporated under state law.
Towns can contain incorporated villages or unincorporated hamlets. New York City is divided into five boroughs , each coterminous with a county.
The major cities of the state developed along the key transportation and trade routes of the early 19th century, including the Erie Canal and railroads paralleling it.
Today, the New York Thruway acts as a modern counterpart to commercial water routes. There are 62 cities in New York. New York City is home to more than two-fifths of the state's population.
Albany , the state capital, is the sixth-largest city in New York State. Hempstead is the most populous town in the state; if it were a city, it would be the second largest in New York State, with more than , residents.
New York contains 13 metropolitan areas , as defined by the U. Census Bureau. The nation's most populous state until the s, New York is now the fourth most-populous state.
The distribution of change in population growth is uneven in New York State; the New York City metropolitan area is growing, along with Saratoga County , while cities such as Buffalo , Rochester , and Syracuse and several others having been losing population for decades.
Between and , immigration failed to surpass out-migration to other parts of the United States, a trend that has been reversing since New York State lost two House seats in the congressional reapportionment, secondary to relatively slow growth when compared to the rest of the United States.
In and , more people moved from New York to Florida than from any one state to another, contributing to New York's becoming the fourth most populous state in behind Florida, Texas , and California.
New York has a pro- sanctuary city law. New York City is the most populous city in the United States,  with an estimated record high population of 8,, in ,  incorporating more immigration into the city than emigration since the United States Census.
Long Island alone accounted for a Census-estimated 7,, residents in , representing Hispanic or Latino of any race were According to the — American Community Survey , the largest ancestry groups were Italian The state's most populous racial group, non-Hispanic white , has declined as a proportion of the state population from New York's Black population increased by 2.
The Chinese population constitutes the fastest-growing nationality in New York State, which is the top destination for new Chinese immigrants, and large-scale Chinese immigration continues into the state.
Brooklyn has been a destination for West Indian immigrants of African descent, as well as Asian Indian immigrants. Albany and the Mohawk Valley also have large communities of ethnic Italians and Irish Americans, reflecting 19th and early 20th-century immigration.
Americans of English ancestry are present throughout all of upstate New York, reflecting early colonial and later immigrants.
As many as languages are spoken in New York City,    making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.
As of [update] , In total, At the American Community Survey's estimates, nearly six million residents spoke a language other than English.
Spanish-speaking households by majority were not limited English-speaking. Chinese, Slavic, and French languages were the following largest household languages spoken in Non-Western Christian traditions and non-Christian religions did not grow for much of the state's history because immigration was predominantly from Western Europe which at the time was dominated by Western Christianity and favored by the quotas in federal immigration law.
The Immigration and Nationality Act of removed the quotas, allowing for the growth of other religious groups. In Evangelical Protestantism the Baptists , non-denominational Protestants , and Pentecostals were the largest groups.
In , , practiced Orthodox Judaism. New York is home to the oldest Zoroastrian fire temple in the United States.
Native American religions are also a prominent minority. Roughly 3. This constitutes a total LGBT adult population of , individuals.
The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, , at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood within Lower Manhattan.
They are widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement     and the modern fight for LGBT rights.
The State monument is planned to be built in Hudson River Park in Manhattan, near the waterfront Hudson River piers which have served as historically significant symbols of New York's central role as a meeting place and a safe haven for LGBT communities.
Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan , New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world.
Several investment banks and investment managers headquartered in Manhattan are important participants in other global financial centers.
Many of the world's largest media conglomerates are also based in the city. Bloomberg announced his choice of Cornell University and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to build a two billion dollar graduate school of applied sciences on Roosevelt Island in Manhattan, with the goal of transforming New York City into the world's premier technology capital.
Albany,  Saratoga County ,   Rensselaer County , and the Hudson Valley , collectively recognized as eastern New York's Tech Valley , have experienced significant growth in the computer hardware side of the high-technology industry , with great strides in the nanotechnology sector, digital electronics design, and water- and electricity-dependent integrated microchip circuit manufacturing,  involving companies including IBM and its Thomas J.
Creative industries , which are concerned with generating and distributing knowledge and information , such as new media, digital media, film and television production , advertising, fashion, design, and architecture, account for a growing share of employment, with New York City possessing a strong competitive advantage in these industries.
Attendance in — stood at New York exports a wide variety of goods such as prepared foods, computers and electronics , cut diamonds , and other commodities.
New York's largest imports are oil, gold, aluminum, natural gas, electricity, rough diamonds, and lumber. The state also has a large manufacturing sector that includes printing and the production of garments , mainly in New York City; and furs, railroad equipment, automobile parts, and bus line vehicles, concentrated in Upstate regions.
New York is the nation's third-largest grape producing state, and second-largest wine producer by volume, behind California. The New York Agriculture industry is a major producer overall, ranking among the top five states for agricultural products including maple syrup , apples, cherries, cabbage , dairy products , onions, and potatoes.
The state is the largest producer of cabbage in the U. The south shore of Lake Ontario provides the right mix of soils and microclimate for many apple, cherry, plum , pear and peach orchards.
Apples are also grown in the Hudson Valley and near Lake Champlain. A moderately sized saltwater commercial fishery is located along the Atlantic side of Long Island.
The principal catches by value are clams, lobsters, squid, and flounder. The peak load in was 29, MW. The resource capability in was 42, MW.
The SUNY system consists of 64 community colleges, technical colleges, undergraduate colleges, and doctoral-granting institutions, including several universities.
New York's flagship university is the University at Buffalo , which was founded by U. President Millard Fillmore.
Columbia University , Cornell University and New York University are among the most prominent of the larger higher education institutions in New York, all of them leading, world-renowned private universities and members of the Association of American Universities , the pre-eminent group of research universities in the United States.
Other notable large private universities include Syracuse University and Fordham University. There are also a multitude of postgraduate -level schools in New York State, including medical , law , and engineering schools.
West Point , the service academy of the U. Army , is located just south of Newburgh , on the west bank of the Hudson River. A number of selective private liberal arts institutions are located in New York.
Two of these schools, Barnard and Vassar, are members of the elite Seven Sisters , originally all women's colleges with ties to the Ivy League.
Barnard is affiliated with Columbia University , its Manhattan neighbor, and Vassar became coeducational in after declining an offer to merge with Yale University.
New York is also home to what are widely regarded as the best performing arts schools in the world. The Juilliard School , located in the Upper West Side of Manhattan , is one of the world's leading music and dance schools.
The University of the State of New York accredits and sets standards for primary, middle-level, and secondary education in the state, while the New York State Education Department oversees public schools and controls their standardized tests.
In , reflecting general racial discrimination then, the state passed a law that allowed communities to set up separate schools for children of African-American descent.
In , the state passed another law requiring integrated schools. During the fiscal year, New York spent more on public education per pupil than any other state, according to U.
Census Bureau statistics. New York has one of the most extensive and one of the oldest transportation infrastructures in the country. Engineering challenges posed by the complex terrain of the state and the unique infrastructural issues of New York City brought on by urban crowding have had to be overcome perennially.
Population expansion of the state has followed the path of the early waterways, first the Hudson River and Mohawk River , then the Erie Canal. In the 19th century, railroads were constructed along the river valleys, followed by the New York State Thruway in the 20th century.
Other cities and towns in New York have urban and regional public transportation. In Buffalo, the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority runs the Buffalo Metro Rail light-rail system; in Rochester, the Rochester Subway operated from until , but fell into disuse as state and federal investment went to highways.
As of [update] , the NYSDMV has 11,, drivers licenses on file  and 10,, vehicle registrations in force. Diesel-powered vehicles with a gross weight rating over 8, pounds that are registered in most Downstate New York counties must get an annual emissions inspection.
All vehicles registered in New York State must get an annual safety inspection. Portions of the transportation system are intermodal , allowing travelers to switch easily from one mode of transportation to another.
It is composed of three branches: executive , legislative , and judicial. The governor is the state's chief executive and is assisted by the lieutenant governor.
Both are elected on the same ticket. Additional elected officers include the attorney general and the comptroller. The secretary of state , formerly an elected officer, is currently appointed by the governor.
The Assembly consists of members, while the Senate varies in its number of members, currently having The Legislature is empowered to make laws, subject to the governor's power to veto a bill.
However, the veto may be overridden by the legislature if there is a two-thirds majority in favor of overriding in each house.
The permanent laws of a general nature are codified in the Consolidated Laws of New York. The Supreme Court also acts as the intermediate appellate court for many cases, and the local courts handle a variety of other matters including small claims , traffic ticket cases, and local zoning matters, and are the starting point for all criminal cases.
The New York City courts make up the largest local court system. The state is divided into counties, cities, towns, and villages, all of which are municipal corporations with respect to their own governments, as well as various corporate entities that serve single purposes that are also local governments, such as school districts, fire districts, and New York state public-benefit corporations , frequently known as authorities or development corporations.
Each municipal corporation is granted varying home rule powers as provided by the New York Constitution.
The state also has 10 Indian reservations. There have been several movements regarding secession from the state of New York.
Capital punishment was reintroduced in under the Pataki administration , but the statute was declared unconstitutional in , when the New York Court of Appeals ruled in People v.
LaValle that it violated the state constitution. The remaining death sentence was commuted by the court to life imprisonment in , in People v.
John Taylor , and the death row was disestablished in , under executive order from Governor David Paterson.
No execution has taken place in New York since Legislative efforts to amend the statute have failed, and death sentences are no longer sought at the state level, though certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the federal government are subject to the federal death penalty.
There are twenty-seven congressional districts , the nation's third equal highest number of congressional districts, equal with Florida and behind California's 53 and Texas's Representation was reduced from 29 in due to the state's slower overall population growth relative to the overall national population growth.
The state has a strong imbalance of payments with the federal government. As of April , Democrats represented a plurality of voters in New York State, constituting more than twice as many registered voters as any other political party affiliation or lack thereof.
Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama won New York State by over 25 percentage points in both and New York City, as well as the state's other major urban locales, including Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse, are significant Democratic strongholds, with liberal politics.
Rural portions of upstate New York, however, are generally more conservative than the cities and tend to favor Republicans.
Heavily populated suburban areas downstate, such as Westchester County and Long Island, have swung between the major parties since the s, but more often than not support Democrats.
New York City is the most important source of political fundraising in the United States for both major parties. Four of the top five zip codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan.
The top zip code, on the Upper East Side , generated the most money for the presidential campaigns of both George W. Bush and Al Gore.
The state of New York has the distinction of being the home state for both major-party nominees in three presidential elections. Parker , chief judge of the New York Court of Appeals.
The presidential election had Franklin D. Roosevelt , following in his cousin Theodore's footsteps as former New York Governor and incumbent president running for re-election against then-current New York Governor Thomas E.
New York City is an important center for international diplomacy. The Games are known for the USA—USSR ice hockey match dubbed the " Miracle on Ice ", in which a group of American college students and amateurs defeated the heavily favored Soviet national ice hockey team 4—3 and went on to win the gold medal against Finland.
Along with St. Several U. The physical facility of the National Soccer Hall of Fame in Oneonta , also in Otsego County, closed in , although the organization itself has continued inductions.
Syracuse University 's intercollegiate teams are the Syracuse Orange. Darüber hinaus waren 1. Insgesamt ist der Wirtschaftsraum New York vom sekundären Industrie und tertiären Dienstleistungen Wirtschaftssektor geprägt.
Die gemischte und traditionelle Landwirtschaft sowie der Fischfang spielen eine relativ geringe Rolle. Obst v. Ebenso gibt es kleine Weinanbaugebiete.
Die ebenfalls zum primären Sektor zählende Rohstoffgewinnung wird vorwiegend im Norden des Bundesstaates betrieben. Die wichtigsten Industriezweige sind der Maschinen- bzw.
Fahrzeugbau sowie die Elektrotechnik. Grundlage dafür ist die Eisen- und Stahlerzeugung, die vorrangig in und um Buffalo betrieben wird. Dennoch nimmt diese Region eine Ausnahmestellung ein, denn die Dienstleistung ist hier der mit Abstand wichtigste Wirtschaftszweig.
Zahlreiche Unternehmen der High-Tech-Industrie z. IBM , des Banken- und Finanzwesens z. New York University , Columbia University und kulturelle z.
New York City besitzt mit dem J. Passagiere abgefertigt. Ein wichtiger Binnenhafen ist der der Stadt Buffalo. Kohle, Eisenerze und Stahl, angeliefert.
Hier mündet ebenfalls der Eriekanal , der den Eriesee über den Hudson mit dem Atlantischen Ozean verbindet. Jedoch sind auch diese Versorgungsnetze stark renovierungsbedürftig, weitreichende Stromausfälle sind dafür ein häufiges Indiz.
Das Telekommunikationsnetz inklusive Internet gehört zu den am besten ausgebauten und dichtesten der Welt. Ein wichtiger Energieträger ist die Wasserkraft , hier sind insbesondere die Kraftwerke an den Niagarafällen zu nennen.
De grenzen van de Britse kolonie met de naam Provincie van New York waren in grote mate gelijk aan die van de huidige staat. Ongeveer een derde van alle veldslagen van de Amerikaanse Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog vonden plaats in New York.
De staat verklaarde zich onafhankelijk op 9 juli en bekrachtigde haar grondwet in Op 26 juli ratificeerde de staat New York als 11e staat van de Verenigde Staten de Amerikaanse grondwet.
Het gebied dat nu de staat New York heet, werd eerst door de Nederlanders gekoloniseerd, die Fort Nassau en later Fort Oranje stichtten bij wat nu Albany is.
Zij stichtten ook Nieuw-Amsterdam op het eiland Manhattan. In de jaren kregen de Engelsen de macht, waarna zij Nieuw-Amsterdam omdoopten tot New York , ter ere van de hertog van York.
Omdat de hoofdstad New York tijdens de opstand in Engelse handen bleef, werd Kingston in de voorlopige hoofdstad van de opstandige kolonie New York.
George Clinton werd de eerste gouverneur. Op 26 juli werd New York formeel, als 11de, een staat van de Verenigde Staten.
De staat New York beslaat Het hoogste punt is de top van Mount Marcy op m boven zeeniveau. New York grenst in het noorden en westen aan Canada en de meren Eriemeer en Ontariomeer.
In het zuiden grenst het aan de staten Pennsylvania en New Jersey , en in het oosten aan Connecticut , Massachusetts en Vermont.